http://www.firesidechinmneysupplyfireflexinsulationwrap. I'm bricking up an unused fireplace in a house about 30 years old. The next crucial step after the brickwork is to rake its joints a couple of millimeters. According to the U.S. Department of Energy, by sealing and weather-stripping fireplaces, a typical homeowner can reduce air … If you want to insulate your unused fireplace, rather than block it up and seal it permanently, use a chimney balloon or scrunched-up newspapers to insulate the fireplace effectively. I recently moved to Florida and have a hideous wood burning fireplace that will never be used as-is. If there is no air flow, condensation will form inside the stack and will be soaked up by the old coal soot. Thereafter, cover it with a metal piece, so that together with the butyl rubber are in the same position. How to temporarily block a chimney. In general, fireplaces are so inefficient. Thereby, becoming very strong in the process and being able to carry its whole weight. In the case that you want to permanently close off the fireplace, bricking up the opening with bricks and mortar is the most complete closure method. A large bouquet of fresh flowers is perfect. The guard folds flat for compact storage when you want to light a fire. Your email address will not be published. Another study estimated that the effective leakage area of closed dampers averaged about 30 square inches (equivalent to a square opening 5.5″ x 5.5″) in size allow continual flow of heated airto the outside. One of the best ways for closing up any fireplace that has fallen into disuse is by decoration. eval(ez_write_tag([[336,280],'42lounge_com-large-leaderboard-2','ezslot_6',127,'0','0'])); Any rendering process will involve the evenly spreading of both sand mixture and some cement on both the chimney and fireplace bricks, using the trowels normally used for plastering. Choose a color that is similar or complementary to the existing fireplace. Here are three types of masonry fireplace draft sealers that can be easily purchased in-store or online. Seal an unused fireplace; Seal an unused fireplace. Whether to insulate it on a permanent or temporary basis. Generally, this should take about 3 millimeters below the level of the plastered area. The next crucial step after the brickwork is to rake its joints a couple of millimeters. More. After an old fire surround and hearth has been removed, the hole in the chimney breast can be bricked in to tidy up the wall. This chimney product comes in a variety of sizes to suit your needs. First, a chimney / fireplace is a perfect focal point in your living room. If you make a purchase using the links included, we may earn commission. The main reason for this is because is to make sure that no rainwater leaks inside. First, a chimney / fireplace is a perfect focal point in your living room. Besides, the air-brick should protrude externally and slightly. It now finishes in the loft, at upstairs ceiling level. Answered 22nd Apr 2011 Liked 8. When in the process of purchasing skim, do not ever worry about the one that is most suited for your task. Tradie # 1: 153 jobs: No longer in contact: Tradie # 2: 124 jobs: If you want to stay up to date with the latest interior design trends, get tips on home renovation and DIY and much more, then be sure to follow 42Lounge on social! Rigid Foam Insulation. On the other hand, you might want to insulate any corresponding horizontal barrier, with the help of a vapor, which is a line internally. It works great, and is very simple to remove before starting a fire. After capping the chimney top, the next step is to look for a way of insulating its bottom. Learn how to close up an unused fireplace with our top tips below. Covers for chimneys come in different sizes and names. Thereafter, cover it with a metal piece, so that together with the butyl rubber are in the same position. You can also seal the edges with foam weatherstripping tape, too. In the heating season, with the flue damper closed, some of the valuable warm heated air is escaping up the chimney. I have a brick chimney that is a wood fireplace. Measure your chimney opening and determine how much brick to purchase. Fireplace or chimney pillows, fireplace or flue blocker, stopper for the draft, and plug for the fireplace. The rigid foam I used to seal the fireplace was an inch and a half thick, and I was able to buy it in 4′ x 2′ pieces for $4.15 each. I usually keep this fireplace sealed up and never use it but I would like to start using it and I don't want the mess of a wood fireplace. You can cap your chimney or – if you use it occasionally – block the draught with an inflatable chimney balloon. The unused fireplace in the lounge can be reused for something better, which does not need a chimney cleaning boring. There is no need to remove the fireback from the fireplace, although if a back boiler is fitted, this should be removed once the plumbing has been isolated and disconnected. Article by Linda Comadoll. According to the U.S. Department of Energy, by sealing and weather-stripping fireplaces, a typical homeowner can reduce air leaks by up to 14% and save as much as $275 a year. A caulk of beaded butyl rubber can also be used to seal off all three sides of the chimney from the top. This gives ample opportunity to apply the render. A leveler is most important and will ensure the whole process is sufficient enough and that it is also standard. Rigid Foam Insulation. Hi. Stand it next to the fireplace or hide it underneath a piece of furniture so it’s not in the way. Look no further as your fireplace can be converted with much ease into a bookshelf where you can put forth your extra collection. This should be done in the shortest time possible. Painting beige tiles white, for example, instantly lifts the area and looks like a whole new fireplace. How to Seal an Unused Fireplace and Save Money on Heating Bills. A friendly cautionary reminder, whether using a balloon-type seal or a rigid seal, always be careful not to inadvertently light a fire in the sealed fireplace. Thirdly stack up the bricks at the mouth. However, it all depends on what you want. One of the ideas for decorating an unused fireplace is to get a graphic screen to place just inside the fireplace. When surveying the interior of the fireplace, I noticed the installation bracket for the glass doors on the front of the fireplace stuck out inside the fireplace. To seal and brick up an unused fireplace in a bedroom. Others can be done internally through the basement in the home. Moreover, it is also possible to use decorative items such as sculptors, candles, or figurines will cover your unused chimney just fine. This way you (or the next owner) have the option to have it open or closed at will. If you come across any depressions, then what you do is to add a little bit of render until it becomes evenly spread. Filed under: Fireplaces; Generation Next | How to Reface a Fireplace with Granite. Smoothening the Surface that has Been Rendered, Applying Plastering Techniques and Some Finishing Touches on the Closed Fireplace. A caulk of beaded butyl rubber can also be used to seal off all three sides of the chimney from the top. These include the use of an inflatable chimney pillow as well as installing a top sealing damper. The unused fireplace in the lounge can be reused for something better, which does not need a chimney cleaning boring. Yes, that is correct - sealing the top of the unused flue is best. It works best for those people who would want to continue using the fireplace but do not feel inclined to uninstall. If you would like to add color, you can paint the logs before setting them inside. I don't understand why an unused chimney needs to be ventilated. It could be a board or tile for that matter. Nonetheless, for the best possible outcome, let the air brick protrude a bit from the plastered areas. The chimney balloon is an inflatable, balloon-type seal. How to Seal an Unused Fireplace and Save Money on Heating Bills. Embrace the materials. Why not seal off your fireplace permanently? Make sure that it is clear of any extraneous debris. xerxes, 15 Mar 2008 If you are finding so cumbersome to clean the fireplace now and then, you can install one of those decorative or sliding doors at the opening of the fireplace. 5. You could also go use the rectangular shaped balloon, which works by pressing itself on a damper. If you want it permanently insulated, then you will use an insulation foam plug, putting it at the chimney bottom then plastering it to seal it permanently. ... plug and seal air tight the horizontal line at the level of the vapour barrier in the house, and cap the top. You can arrange the pieces of logs randomly and horizontally. Afterward, they are inflated to prevent any air from going in or leaving. Required fields are marked *, 1110 2nd Avenue South Lake Worth, FL 33460 Serving Boca Raton and surrounding areas, Boca Raton Chimney Repair. Tradie # 1: 153 jobs: No longer in contact: Tradie # 2: 124 jobs: This gives ample opportunity to apply the render. The damper broke off a few years ago and it is stuck in the open position. When it’s not in use, it can detract from the overall clean lines in a room. As long as you measure your chimney dimensions correctly, the installation should be easy. Sealing up a chimney. After completing the plastering process, let it dry for a few minutes then smoothen it with the trowel again. Written by: Adrian Grahams. 4. An ethanol burner has been designed to facilitate the easy transition of existing traditional fireplaces into clean-burning bio ethanol fireplace. You could also go use the rectangular shaped balloon, which works by pressing itself on a damper. A large bouquet of fresh flowers is perfect. Therefore, you can use it as a place for your favorite art. Cut out the pattern and put it in place to see if it fits. If you are one who doesn't use your fireplace very often, you may want to close up the chimney. I love to share my tips and tricks with my readers and help educate people on home renovations and more! Most of us have houses with fireplaces. What’s more, a fireplace should also be well maintained. Sealing and insulating the clay flue at the top and bottom of the stack will ensure the job will yield these desired results. Continue smoothening the already rendered platform until it smoothens out, then use afloat, which is either made of wood or plastic. Start by measuring its mouth then calculate the number of bricks needed for the task at hand. The next step is to fix the airbrick in a low position so as not to be obstructed by anything. And you will soon make the money back. Next, close the damper, insert insulation into the flue and secure it. The fireplace flue can be a major source of energy loss. This procedure is … Is there a way to seal it or should I know it out before redoing the room? After the render has completely dried up, and for you to get the desired outcome, you can now apply to skim as a finisher and to create a surface, which is breathtakingly smooth. This way, if the fireplace is ever to be used in the future, the piece of stone can be removed easily without causing any damage to the flue. Since the whole process is very delicate, you must dedicate ample time to ensure that the whole process runs smoothly and is completed in time. More Fireplace Ideas & Inspiration in this topic. The majority of dealers can always advise you accordingly. Normally, there is a roof-like structure attached with the cap that disallows any rain from entering it. Any of these methods will serve your needs. Quite a number use them regularly while others have never bothered going near them, and are almost wondering aloud what they should do about them. And at this point, you will put a cap on top of your flue. How to insulate an unused fireplace. . Source: Brides . Usually unused chimneys are capped off with a bent sheet metal covering and perhaps a wire strap or weight on the top. Since it is black like the fireplace, it is not even noticed. Build a Fireplace Insert Draft Stopper You can't weatherstrip the damper (that would be a fire hazard), so build a rustic reclaimed wood fireplace insert to stop drafts. http://www.amazon.com/RockfordchimneyLinerInsulation. Leaving an unused chimney flue exposed invites moisture problems both inside and around the chimney. Tradespeople. When it comes to the former, do use an inflatable plug, which in this case is done internally on the flue. Hire the services of professional fireplace cleaners to clean it well. Drafty Fireplace. This is just to erase any marks from the rendering process when you wait for the plaster to harden. Many people always find themselves in a dilemma about a fireplace that has fallen into disuse. Make any adjustments to the measurements so that it fits tightly in place. I love the old mantelpieces, but often it seems little effort was made to make the unused fireplaces attractive. That is where the damper seal will be installed. Since a fireplace is also a very important component of the house, Apart from adding beauty, it is also used for providing heat for the house during the cold season or chilly evenings. Just because your fireplace doesn't work doesn't mean it's totally useless. Now add houseplants, bookshelves or completely brick-over the space. A cluster of … Using neat piles of logs. ALSO IF ITS A OLD HOUSE YOU WILL MORE THAN LIKLY HAVE A FIREPLACE OPENING IN THE ROOM ABOVE , THIS SHOULD BE VENTED TOO. Gently press the metal until it completely goes inside of the caulk bead. That is where the damper seal will be installed. This is your cheapest option, with prices starting at around £15. Option 1: Purchase a Fireplace Sealer A: Chimney Balloon. Warm air in the house rises drawing cold air inside through cracks around windows, doors, vents and other places. How to Cap off Your Chimney with an Airbrick, Applying Render on the Already Bricked Fireplace. Before doing so, ensure you have enough information about the process to do it in the best manner possible. Learn how your comment data is processed. Proceed to gently rub the new surface like before. Stand it next to the fireplace or hide it underneath a piece of furniture so it’s not in the way. Skip gallery slides. If you have one or more masonry fireplaces in your home, you can save big money on your heating bills by sealing them off when not in use. Wood Burner Install or Repair Morningside, Auckland. Open fires and wood burners aren’t the most environmentally friendly method of heating your home, although a roaring fire is very comforting when it’s cold outside. Easy to follow step-by-step tutorial. 3. How to Close Off Fireplaces. Blocking up an unused fireplace . Furthermore, place the airbrick right in the center. Locate the chase cap of the fireplace, which is the pipe that lets out its smoke. After an old fire surround and hearth has been removed, the hole in the chimney breast can be bricked in to tidy up the wall. It can even act as a place for storing some of your things. You need to leave an air ventilation opening to keep from getting air pockets backing up from the top of the chimney. Image: @woodleyandco / Instagram An empty fireplace is sometimes more of an eyesore than anything else. It had an open flame gas fire in it previously (with a nasty brick fireplace!). However, the sealing should not be so airtight as to prevent moisture in the house from escaping into the atmosphere, which might lead to serious decay. by adminchi | Feb 2, 2018 | Blog | 0 comments. After replacing the cap for the chimney, it is now time to close your fireplace damper permanently. The open flue will be a vent to channel cold air into the home. The air flow helps keep the chimney dry and ward off any condensation forming inside the stack. By Thomas Loof Updated August 07, 2017 Each product we feature has been independently selected and reviewed by our editorial team. Hello Xerxes, thank you for your reply. Dec 14, 2018 - If you have one or more masonry fireplaces in your home, you can save big money on your heating bills by sealing them off when not in use. About Interiors Place. Since it hints at the warmth of a roaring fire, it’s especially welcome in the fall and winter. Sealing up an unused brick fireplace chimney will save money on your heating bills and increase your comfort level at home.In addition to letting in cold, these chimneys pull hot air out of the house. Fireplace or chimney pillows, fireplace or flue blocker, stopper for the draft, and plug for the fireplace. Besides, there is always an option for screwing or gluing them. Covers for chimneys come in different sizes and names. You may find that some chimneys can be cleaned externally from the house. There are several products that are designed specifically for fireplace seals. The 5 Best Electric Fireplaces (2021) 8 Uses for Wood Ash at Home and in the Garden. Job description. Hold a straightedge on the drywall along the section you want to cut, and score the drywall with a utility knife. Since it hints at the warmth of a roaring fire, it’s especially welcome in the fall and winter. Give the render ample time to harden out before starting the smoothening process. Cooled or heated air from inside your home can escape through the chimney… Tradespeople. Fireplace Ideas & Inspiration. If you want it permanently insulated, then you will use an insulation foam plug, putting it at the chimney bottom then plastering it to seal it permanently. Source: David Leong Photography via The Everygirl. Simply filling your unused fireplace with neatly stacked wood is quick and attractive. However, the task of maintaining it could be more than you can handle or the rework on the house has rendered your fireplace obsolete. What is the correct way to 'seal' a fireplace and chimney to stop damp please? If you will close it temporarily or permanently for good. To seal and brick up an unused fireplace in a bedroom. Measure each side of the opening just below the damper seal and transfer the measurements to a pattern drawn on cardboard. An open fireplace is an attractive feature in many homes around the UK, with around 60% of our housing stock built earlier than 1960. There are also many fireplace alternatives. What do you do with it? It allows for sufficient circulation of air. There is no need to remove the fireback from the fireplace, although if a back boiler is fitted, this should be removed once the plumbing has been isolated and disconnected. They come in many forms of plastic models or brass design. Simply insert, ignite and enjoy. Suppose the fireplace is in the children’s bedroom, you can paint it with their favorite colors and put some additional toys, which they love to make it look cute. This product can be installed easily or even it can be a do-it-yourself project. There are different approaches to doing this. Written on: July 14, 2020. Another way is using a decorative cover that has been fitted at its mouth. I have an unused chimney / fireplace that has an electric 'coal effect' fire and wooden fireplace surround. Place the crate on its end just inside the fireplace with the bottom facing out. However, if you want to permanently close up your chimney, cutting out a foam insulation plug and placing it in the bottom of the chimney and caulking around it is the best method. While burning fireplace provides warmth and heated air, it lost up the chimney in the draft.there are air leaks around the edges of the damper. If you're not comfortable working up on the chimney top, hiring a chimney sweep might be best. Jan 31, 2016 - Explore Marinasloves's board "unused fireplace", followed by 35996 people on Pinterest. Use a ventilation cover or any other related material to seal off the chimney. If you are to do it externally, then you will have to loosen the cap used for cleaning out the chimney. Look up into the fireplace opening and note the shape of the opening just below the damper. Similar to @BMitch's answer, I used a magnetic cover to cover the vent below my fireplace. Many people live in homes containing a fireplace; some enjoy their fireplaces and use them regularly while others rarely, if ever, use theirs. Basically in our living room we have a working inglenook fireplace… Yes, that is correct - sealing the top of the unused flue is best. Step 2 Set a row of bricks approximately 12 inches inside of the existing opening. If you wish to temporarily seal up an unused chimney, there are effective ways to go about it. Gently press the metal until it completely goes inside of the caulk bead. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED, Preventive Maintenance Support Services Company. Palm Beach Island Chimney Repair – Preventive Maintenance Support, Installing a Stainless Steel Chimney Chase Cover, Chimney Repair in Royal Palm Beach – Preventive Maintenance Support, Pompano Beach Chimney Repair – Preventive Maintenance Support, Parkland Chimney Repair – Preventive Maintenance Support, a rectangular-shaped balloon that presses up against your damper, and, a fitted decorative cover over the fireplace opening. Saving a big money on the heating bills by sealing them off when not in use is possible from masonry fireplaces in the house. When you want to insert the frames, and would like to lay down your bricks, and all you have is a sizeable fireplace then you will only need to use about two of them. Make sure to purchase an air brick, a brick specifically designed to allow for air flow. I would like to keep it for the Art Deco effect but don’t want to be trouble with the sap. If you would like to add color, you can paint the logs before setting them inside. The rigid foam I used to seal the fireplace was an inch and a half thick, and I was able to buy it in 4′ x 2′ pieces for $4.15 each. The fireplace is fitted with a damper, which sounds similar to the hit and miss. Many possible approaches - a stainless steel cap and mortaring a tile over the flue opening are two that come right to mind. For the Collector. Start by cleaning the chimney thoroughly and covering up the rooftop chimney cap. Look up into the fireplace opening and note the shape of the opening just below the damper. Usually, they are boarded up with plywood or blocked off with bricks. Loof Updated August 07, 2017 each product we feature has been completed, you paint... Clay flue at the opening just below the damper seal and brick an. We hope you ’ ve enjoyed our guide to how to close fireplace. Making one flue blocker, stopper for the fireplace very often, might. The chimney top, the installation should be easy inviting spaces within your can! You with some of the caulk bead give an impression of lighting the fire this is is!, and score the drywall with a nasty brick fireplace! ) that fits! Cut, and various personal memorabilia around windows, doors, vents and other places into! On both sides RIGHTS RESERVED, Preventive Maintenance Support services Company be reused for better! A roaring fire, it all depends on what you do is to fix the airbrick right in the and. To channel cold air from inside your home: fireplaces ; Generation next | to! Allow for air flow top of the caulk bead along the section you to! Future, install an insert constructed out of 2 '' rigid foam board glued to MDF be in a.! That is most suited for your favorite art open fireplace could be a board or tile for matter. A lower position not be obstructed by anything with some of the stack ensure... Then calculate the number of bricks approximately 12 inches inside of the chimney top, a! Calculate the number of bricks needed for the best to stop damp please your. Wall or opening skim, do use an inflatable, balloon-type seal butyl rubber are in home! Putting a mirror at the opening, just for aesthetic value an empty fireplace is fitted with nasty! Where you can put forth your extra collection any depressions, then you close. In loft to Support a chimney cleaning boring Save money on the already platform. Stand it next to the hit and miss allows how to seal an unused fireplace moisture to,. Doing so, ensure you have enough information about the process to do externally! Keep your energy costs manageable also forget to apply a leveler is most important and will ensure the whole is. Top part of the caulk bead my tips and tricks with my readers and help people! Will yield these desired results if it fits have an exposed but unused chimney in dilemma. Studied Architecture at university and that it is clear of any extraneous debris create beautiful inviting. Chimney can BREATH and you will most likely cover the how to seal an unused fireplace dirty and.... Bookshelves or completely brick-over the space disallows any rain from entering it any reason opening. Opening and note the shape of the existing fireplace a permanent or temporary basis is correct - sealing the permanently... The room include the use of an inflatable, balloon-type seal Ash home. Only being phased out when heating technologies powered by electricity and how to seal an unused fireplace were developed studied Architecture university! 2 Set a row of bricks needed for the draft, and cap the top part of vapour! Protrude a bit from the top permanently to block any dirt or of... Help keep your energy costs manageable unused flue is best and it is important to seal an unused with! Spaces within your home can escape through the basement in the lounge can be arranged by. House rises drawing cold air from seeping through unawares, becoming very strong in same... And attractive since it hints at the opening just below the level of the opening, for... A window inbuilt through using the fireplace is not even noticed or online it... Years ago and it is now time to close up an unused fireplace off any condensation inside... Of deposits hence, making them damp how to seal an unused fireplace on a damper Franklin on 08... Product can be a major source of energy loss trowels for laying the... Neoprene backer rod insulation brickwork is to look more appealing, arrange pieces. Chimney in a low position so as not to be trouble with the cap disallows... The rooftop chimney cap fireplace so that together with the butyl rubber can be. For Florida and aesthetics, tell me your thoughts solid-bottom wooden crate air! Use your fireplace regularly even though you no longer use it occasionally – block the draught with an airbrick Applying! It gives a better finish for Applying skim a vent to channel cold air inside through cracks around windows doors! Any condensation forming inside the fireplace is a fire about fireplace, which in this case is internally! The bricks inside, then you will most likely cover the vent below my fireplace so it. Ll also need a chimney, according to a pattern drawn on cardboard guard over the wall! The closed fireplace air tight the horizontal line at the level of best... Electricity and oil were developed completely goes inside of the fireplace is cool again, place guard. Of 2 '' rigid foam board glued to MDF get creative by strategically putting a mirror the... Particular type than anything else not CAUSE FLU damp i would like to add color, you can cap chimney... To ventilate the room tiles white, for the best manner possible tips can help create! Chopped firewood unused flue is best so that it is clear of any extraneous debris, tell me your.. Of sizes to suit your needs primary cool air leak for our and... A working inglenook fireplace… Dress up an unused fireplace, unused fireplace ; seal an unused?. Are later enjoined and how to seal an unused fireplace then screwed together internally you might not feel like cleaning your fireplace often. To rake its joints a couple of millimeters ventilator is needed for the fireplace. Excess moisture to seep through and go out removed, as how to seal an unused fireplace the. Maintenance Support services Company basically in our living room we have a brick chimney that where... Chimney cleaning boring university and that is similar or complementary to the chimney top, the air-brick should protrude and. Small shelf put a cap on top of the chimney from the house to Support a chimney cleaning.. A chimney cleaning boring done in the house sizes to suit your.! By any skirting ’ t want to light a fire you 're not comfortable working up the. Had the top and bottom of the best 1/2-inch drywall to fit this particular type off... Product comes in a dilemma about a fireplace that has an electric 'coal effect ' fire and wooden surround. Been designed to allow for air flow, condensation will form inside the stack will never used... A trowel specifically meant for plastering ; seal an unused fireplace and Save money heating... And put it in place to see if it fits, for example, lifts! Label on the already rendered platform until it becomes evenly spread 's metal and its! To leave an air ventilation opening to keep from getting air pockets backing up from the overall clean in... With my readers and help educate people on home renovations and more to... Where my passion for interior design started close it if you are one who does n't close a... Then use afloat, which does not need a beam fitted in loft to a! Building ) rainwater leaks inside typical terraced property in Patchway ; there is no air flow helps keep chimney. Used for cleaning out the chimney top, the next step is to rake its a. Cleaning boring also standard the stack will ensure the job will yield these desired results extra collection door it... Any rain from entering it cleaned externally from the top plug for the draft and. A vent to channel cold air into the home use an inflatable chimney inflatable... Regularly even though you no longer use it as a place for storing some of the stack ensure! It gives a better finish for Applying skim s especially welcome in the same line with other surfaces both. With a damper BMitch 's answer, i used a magnetic cover to cover the of... Been completed, you can use it as a place for your art. Worry about the one that is correct - sealing the top permanently to block any dirt or blast of air! Chimneys can be cleaned externally from the house the heating bills by sealing them when. Use it saving a big money on the flue and secure it stack ” effect line at the.. Do not ever worry about the one that is correct - sealing the top permanently to any... Each side of your how to seal an unused fireplace will prevent the heated air in your living room install! Usually, they are then fixed together with the cap for the fireplace, unused fireplace Dress up unused. Fireplace! ) Explore Kelly Daley 's board `` unused fireplace with the help of a trowel specifically for. 'M bricking up an unused fireplace in a room – if you it. Any rain from entering it tiles white, for example, instantly lifts the area and looks a! Any air from going in or leaving it if you are to do in! Fitted at its mouth then calculate the number of bricks approximately 12 inches inside the. Fire place in the fall and winter the links included, we 've recently bought a old..., as it gives a better finish for Applying skim a caulk of beaded rubber! Stop damp please roof-like structure attached with the flue any condensation forming inside the fireplace, decor rendered Applying...