These manuscripts come from Egypt and are witnesses of the Alexandrian text-type. Verse Analysis. Thanks so much for this. There are only 2 streams of Bible versions, the true text of the Textus Receptus (Majority Text) on which the King James Version is based, and those which picked up the Alexandrian manuscripts (Minority Text) which have been shown to have deleted and changed many parts of the text and are unreliable. This is the historic Greek received text used by the Christian Church for 2000 years. The Majority Text vs. (4) The damp climate of the Mediterranean area limited the durability of the good manuscripts of the Textus Receptus to 150 or 200 years. "The Textual Argument" – This group believes that the KJV's Hebrew and Greek textual base is more accurate than the alternative texts used by newer translations. Although based on the relatively few available manuscripts, these were representative of many more which existed at the time but only became known later. At least three-quarters of a century of scholarship had gone into the Textus Receptus by the time of the KJV. The Majority Text & Textus Receptus vs. Modern Bibles: NLT Version -- FREE - Free download as PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. Neither Lucian nor Erasmus, but rather the apostles, wrote the Greek New Testament. 1 John 2:20. "The Textus Receptus was the collation-base for many collations. The Textus Receptus is very similar to the Majority Text, but there are in fact hundreds of differences between the Majority Text and the Textus Receptus. The 'textus receptus' (official text) was prepared by Erasmus in the XVI century in a hurry to print the first greek Bible. Pastor Steve Waldron, New Life of Albany - Albany, Ga http://newlifeofalbany.com/ By the 1800s, however, the discovery of many additional early copies of New Testament texts led to new published editions of the New Testament that used a more eclectic method of textual criticism . Some so-called scholars are impressed because a couple of manuscripts are the oldest surviving complete New Testaments, surviving partially due to the dry climate in which they were preserved. Verse Analysis. Of early Christian writers before the fourth century, the Alexandrian text has substantial support, especially in the writings of Origen, whose Scripture quotations are exceedingly numerous. Even advocates and defenders of the supremacy of the textus receptus over the Alexandrian text agree in this assessment. One such writer was 19th century American Southern Presbyterian theologian Robert L. Dabney. A King James Bible believer accepts the Antiochian manuscripts or Textus Receptus as superior to the Alexandrian. 4. Westcott and Hort created a prejudice against the Textus Receptus which remains today. Most modern translations are based on an edition of the Nestle-Aland/United Bible Society (NA/UBS) text. However, the Alexandrian text type is 200 years older. The vast majority of evangelical scholars hold that the basic textual theories of Westcott and Hort were right and the church stands greatly in their debt. This group simply regards the KJV as a very good translation and prefers it over other translations because the church which it attends uses it, has always used it, or prefers its style. … We also go on record as being opposed to the Revised Standard Version of the Bible, The Living Bible, the New English Translation of the Bible, the Reader's Digest Condensed Version, the New International Version and the public use of other modern versions. Scholars in favor of the critical text of the bible, view the Codex Sinaiticus to be one of the greatest Greek texts of the New Testament and the codex is a celebrated historical treasure by many modern scholars, along with that of the Codex Vaticanus. The Byzantine text family that makes up the Textus Receptus, which is behind the KJV and the NKJV is 80-85% in agreement with the Alexandrian text family that is behind almost all modern translations. [6], Although not expressly "King James Only", The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints recommends the Latter-day Saint edition of the King James Version of the Bible. Pastor Steve Waldron, New Life of Albany - Albany, Ga http://newlifeofalbany.com/ The King James Only movement asserts that the King James Version (KJV) of the Bible is superior to all other English translations of the Bible. It is like how the Roman Catholic Church read the Bible only in Latin and banned vernacular translations which common people could understand. d. Therefore, we will refer to the two lineages based on their origins: Antioch/Antiochian and Alexandria/Alexandrian. Many in this group might accept a modern Bible version based on the same Greek and Hebrew manuscripts which are used in the KJV. The Textus Receptus was compiled and edited by Erasmus in the 16th century. (United Bible Society) really vary little from the W–H [Westcott & Hort] text. The Textus Receptus was compiled and edited by Erasmus in the 16th century. The two most famous attempts at restoring the original text of the New Testament are the Textus Receptus, dating from the Reformation and post-Reformation era, and the Greek text of B. F. Westcott and F. J. However, the antiquity of these manuscripts is no indication of reliability because a prominent church father in Alexandria testified that manuscripts were already corrupt by the third century. Wilkinson of Washington Missionary College writes in his book Truth Triumphant: The Protestant denominations are built upon that manuscript of the Greek New Testament sometimes called Textus Receptus, or the Received Text. The rates of literacy amongst Americans have been falling for decades. The Textus Receptus is the text that has been used for 2,000 years by Christians. He criticized Westcott and Hort, believing they intentionally rejected the use of the Textus Receptus and made changes to the text used in translation using their revised Greek text based mainly on the Codex Vaticanus and Codex Sinaiticus. This was the prevailing theory up until the 1960's. It is extremely common for King James Only advocates to conflate the “Majority Text” (M-Text) with the “Textus Receptus” (TR), or the tradition of printed Greek texts behind the King James Version. This explains why the Textus Receptus is very similar to the Majority Text. Miller's arguments in favour of readings in the Textus Receptus were of the same kind. Textus Receptus. Alexandrian Text Type. Adherents of the King James Only movement, largely members of evangelical, conservative holiness movement, traditional High Church Anglican, and Baptist churches, believe that the KJV is the greatest English translation ever produced, needing no further improvements, and they also believe that all other English translations which were produced after the KJV are corrupt. These assertions are generally based upon a preference for the Byzantine text-type or the Textus Receptus and a distrust of the Alexandrian text-type or the critical texts of Nestle-Aland, and Westcott-Hort, on which the majority of twentieth- and twenty-first-century translations are based. During the dark ages the Received Text was practically unknown outside the Greek Church. Many will directly claim that the TR is the M-Text, or will say that the TR represents “the vast majority of Greek manuscripts.” Neither of these are true statements. Wilkinson B.G., Truth Triumphant: The Church in the Wilderness, Hartland Publications, (Rapidan, Virginia, 2004), p. 50. A detailed, 40-page comparison of Bible verses/versions and the existing manuscripts upon which Bibles are based. [9] A lengthy critical review of her book New Age Bible Versions, originally published in Cornerstone magazine in 1994, authored by Bob and Gretchen Passantino of Answers in Action, described the book as "erroneous, sensationalistic, misrepresentative, inaccurate, and logically indefensible". Biblical quotations of the earliest church fathers are always closer to the modern scientific text than to the . For many advocates of the majority text view, a peculiar form of the doctrine of the preservation of Scripture undergirds the entire approach. 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