The roots of local responsibility for crime prevention seem to lie in Anglo-Saxon customs. in Anglo-Saxon, Norman and later medieval England e.g. Relied on local communities Made up of local men who knew accused/accuser and the jury decided who was guilty. These ten men were responsible for the behaviour of each other. Edward's death and claimants to the throne - Edexcel. Crime and Punishment- Medieval England- 1000-1500 Key terms/ concepts-Law enforcement and policingHue and Cry Hue and cry is raised, entire village must down tools and join the hung to find the criminal or the whole village pays a fine to the local court. 3 of 39. In Anglo Saxon England crime and punishment was influenced by three things; local communities, the king and the Church. Folkmoot definition: (in early medieval England) an assembly of the people of a district , town, or shire | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples • Parish Constable: A local man given the duty of making sure law and order was followed in the village. The tithing was a group of ten people. During the Middle Ages all European nations had similar customs concerning the murder of their inhabitants. The use of Anglo-Saxon in its name reflects the fact that it is primarily practiced in English-speaking countries such as the United States, the United Kingdom, Ireland, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand.At its most basic level, an Anglo-Saxon economy enforces low levels of taxes and government regulations. Hundred and Shire courts. 2 Policing during the reign of Edward III during the fourteenth century. The first of the Ealing comedies. * The Emphasis on deterrence and retribution e.g. (26). Everyone had to be a member of a tithing and each had to take responsibility for the others. Gentry: Gentry’ is a vague term – refers to the class of society immediately below a knight. In 1285, the Statute of Winchester required bystanders to respond to the hue or face a fine. Anglo-Saxon: hue and cry. Thus if any one member of the tithing broke the law the others had to take responsibility for getting the accused to court. All freemen had to pledge an oath at 12yrs of age to avoid involvement in any major crimes and to report any suspected crime. fines and the end of the Wergild. When the Hue & Cry is heard no more in the land no one will be safe and there will be no salvation for the living or the dead. Used to provide his food or an income. Many of these were continued after 1066 by the Norman rulers who needed a system to control the largely Anglo-Saxon population. The hue and cry probably had its origins in Germany, where towns continued to use it well into the 17 th century. Glebe: Land granted to a clergyman as part of his benefice. Anglo-Saxons-Tithings-Hue and cry-Trial by community (local men made up the jury)-Oaths (relied upon people knowing one another so criminals wouldn [t get away with repeat offences) Normans Anglo-Saxon rules largely continued. * The influence of the Church on crime and punishment in the early 13th Century. Directed by Charles Crichton. A gang of street boys foil a master crook who sends commands for robberies by cunningly altering a comic strip's wording each week, unknown to writer and printer. 1. Blasphemy. Tithing Based on loyalty. Anglo-Saxon society pre-1066 - Edexcel. The basis of this Anglo-Saxon system was that small groupings of people were organised into tythings, which consisted of ten households and were headed by a tythingman, who was the forerunner of the office of constable, which emerged 01-Joyce_Policing-4090-CH-01.indd 1 01/07/2010 8:12:14 PM. 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